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BrainChild-04: Study of B7-H3, EGFR806, HER2, And IL13-Zetakine (Quad) CAR T Cell Locoregional Immunotherapy for Pediatric Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma, Diffuse Midline Glioma, And Recurrent Or Refractory Central Nervous System Tumors


In May 2023 Seattle Children’s began enrolling patients in a new study of a novel treatment for certain types of brain and spinal cord tumors in children and young adults. These include diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG),  diffuse midline glioma (DMG) and other recurrent or refractory central nervous system tumors that carry a poor prognosis with limited survival.

The BrainChild-04 study is investigating Seattle Children’s Therapeutics’ first CAR T-cell product that targets four antigens simultaneously: B7-H3, EGFR806, HER2 and IL13-zetakine.  This is the first known CAR T-cell product in the world to target four antigens at the same time by delivering CAR T cells directly to the brain.

Visit the Vitanza Lab for more details

Trial Information

This is a Phase 1 study of central nervous system (CNS) locoregional adoptive therapy with SC-CAR4BRAIN, an autologous CD4+ and CD8+ T cells lentivirally transduced to express to express combinations of B7-H3, EGFR806, HER2, and IL13-zetakine chimeric antigen receptors (CAR). CAR T cells are delivered via an indwelling catheter into the ventricular system in children and young adults with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG), diffuse midline glioma (DMG), and recurrent or refractory CNS tumors.

A child or young adult meeting all eligibility criteria, including having a CNS catheter placed into their ventricular system, and meeting none of the exclusion criteria will have their T cells collected. The T cells will then be bioengineered into a second-generation CAR T cell that target B7H3, EGFR806, HER2, and IL13-zetakine on tumor cells.


Patients will be assigned to 1 of 2 treatment Arms based on the type of their tumor:

  • Arm A is for patients with DIPG (meaning primary disease localized to the pons, metastatic disease is allowed) anytime after standard radiation OR after progression.

  • Arm B is for patients with non-pontine DMG (meaning DMG in other parts of the brain such as the thalamus or spine) anytime after standard radiation OR after progression. This Arm also includes other recurrent/refractory CNS tumors (ATRT)

Additional Information


Full Details on ClinicalTrials.Gov


Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be between ages 1 - 26 years.

  • Subject disease classified as one of the following:DIPG at any timepoint following completion of standard radiotherapy
    DMG at any timepoint following completion of standard radiotherapy
    Evidence of refractory or recurrent CNS disease for which there is no routine therapy, defined by either of the following:
    i. New site or sites of measurable or evaluable disease by radiographic imaging or histologic confirmation following completion of routine care first-line therapy for which curative salvage therapy is not available or amenable, OR ii. Measurable or evaluable disease that persists following completion of routine care first-line therapy for which curative salvage therapy is not available or amenable

  • Able to tolerate apheresis or already has an apheresis product available for use in manufacturing

  • CNS reservoir catheter, such as an Ommaya or Rickham catheter, present in the proper location for CNS-directed therapy delivered as specified for BrainChild-04

  • Life expectancy ≥ 8 weeks

  • Lansky or Karnofsky score ≥ 60.

  • If patient does not have previously obtained apheresis product, patient must have discontinued, and recovered from acute toxic effects of, all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and radiotherapy and discontinue the following prior to enrollment:≥ 7 days post last chemotherapy/biologic therapy administration
    3 half lives or 30 days, whichever is shorter post last dose of anti-tumor antibody therapy
    Must be at least 30 days from most recent cellular infusion
    All systemically administered corticosteroid treatment therapy must be stable or decreasing within 1 week prior to enrollment with maximum dexamethasone dose of 2.5 mg/m2/day. Corticosteroid physiologic replacement therapy is allowed.

  • Adequate organ function

  • Adequate laboratory values

  • Patients of childbearing/fathering potential must agree to use highly effective contraception from the time of enrollment through 12 months following the last T cell infusion

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Presence of ≥ Grade 3 cardiac dysfunction or symptomatic arrhythmia requiring intervention

  • Presence of primary immunodeficiency/bone marrow failure syndrome

  • Presence of clinical and/or radiographic evidence of impending herniation in the CNS

  • For Arm A subjects only: Presence of > Grade 3 dysphagia

  • Presence of active malignancy other than the CNS tumor under study

  • Presence of active severe infection, defined as either of the following:Positive blood culture within 48 hours of enrollment, OR
    Fever > 38.2ºC AND clinical signs of infection within 48 hours of enrollment

  • Pregnant or breastfeeding

  • Subject and/or authorized legal representative unwilling to provide consent/assent for study participation, including participation in the 15-year follow-up period, which is required if CAR T cell therapy is administered

  • Presence of any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would prohibit the subject from undergoing treatment under this protocol

Contact Information

Study Contact: Nick Vitanza, MD



Principal Investigator: Rebecca Ronsley, MD

Phone: 206-987-2106


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